History of Conflict
Content: This section provides an overview on the main events of the War of Independence against the Portuguese colonial administration and the Civil War between FRELIMO and RENAMO.
History of Landmine Clearance
Content: We review the main three phases of the Mine Action program in Mozambique from 1992 to 2015.
Content: This appendix reports detailed information on the construction of the landmine dataset.
Correlates of Landmines
Content: We analyse what geographic, location, and socio-economic characteristics are correlated with i) placement of land mines and ii) timing of removal of mines.
Content: In this appendix we show how luminosity can be used as a proxy for development in African and Mozambique.
Sensitivity Analysis, Local Effects
Content: This section provides additional evidence on the effect of demining activities on local development.
Content: This appendix provides additional evidence on the “errors-in-surveys” approach that exploits variation in demining driven by the inaccuracies in the three countrywide surveys to minimize concerns regarding centralized prioritization.
Details and Sensitivity Analysis, Market Access Effects
Content: In this section i) we provide theoretical insights on market access; ii) we give details on the creation of market access; iii) we list the various robustness checks on the effect of demining activities on aggregate development.